Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: The Rate of Short-Duration Gamma-Ray Bursts in the Local Universe
Authors: Mandhai, S
Tanvir, N
Lamb, G
Levan, A
Tsang, D
First Published: 30-Nov-2018
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Galaxies, 2018, 6(4), 130;
Abstract: Following the faint gamma-ray burst, GRB 170817A, coincident with a gravitational wave-detected binary neutron star merger at d ∼ 40 Mpc, we consider the constraints on a local population of faint short duration GRBs (defined here broadly as T90 < 4 s). We review proposed low-redshift short-GRBs and consider statistical limits on a d <∼ 200 Mpc population using Swift/Burst Alert Telescope (BAT), Fermi/Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM), and Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO) Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) GRBs. Swift/BAT short-GRBs give an upper limit for the all-sky rate of <4 y−1 at d < 200 Mpc, corresponding to <5% of SGRBs. Cross-correlation of selected CGRO/BATSE and Fermi/GBM GRBs with d < 100 Mpc galaxy positions returns a weaker constraint of <∼12 y −1 . A separate search for correlations due to SGR giant flares in nearby (d < 11 Mpc) galaxies finds an upper limit of <3 y −1 . Our analysis suggests that GRB 170817A-like events are likely to be rare in existing SGRB catalogues. The best candidate for an analogue remains GRB 050906, where the Swift/BAT location was consistent with the galaxy IC 0327 at d ≈ 132 Mpc. If binary neutron star merger rates are at the high end of current estimates, then our results imply that at most a few percent will be accompanied by detectable gamma-ray flashes in the forthcoming LIGO/Virgo science runs.
DOI Link: 10.3390/galaxies6040130
ISSN: 2075-4434
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2018. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
galaxies-06-00130.pdfPublished (publisher PDF)2.36 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in LRA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.