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dc.contributor.authorRobert, Bright Chimezie-
dc.contributor.authorFareed, Muhammad Umar-
dc.contributor.authorRuiz, Harold Steven-
dc.identifier.citationEngineering Research Express, 2019en
dc.descriptionThe file associated with this record is under embargo until 12 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.en
dc.description.abstractIn this paper, a comprehensive analysis on the local electrodynamics at micron level for the second generation of magnetically anisotropic high temperature superconducting (2G-HTS) pancake coils is presented. Special attention has been paid to the influence of prospective winding misalignment factors onto macroscopical quantities such as the hysteresis losses and critical current density inside each one of the turns of a generic 2G-HTS coil, and their relation with the magneto-angular dependence of the infield critical current density Jc(B, θ) of the 2G-HTS tape. It has been shown that for low amplitudes of the applied transport current, Ia ≤ 0.2 Ic0, the flux-front profile for perfectly aligned pancake coils develops a well-shaped flux-free core with a complete absence of magnetization currents in ∼ 30% the middle turns, that are enclosed by transport current profiles in similar fashion to what would be observed in superconducting bulks, but with the outer turns showing a clear dominance of magnetization currents. However, the misaligned pancake coils show a notorious deflection of the flux-front semi-elliptical vertices which induces a repositioning of the co-vertices, shaping then a “worm-like” flux-front profile that is caused by the breakdown in the ordinal symmetry of the mutual inductances. This phenomenon leads to an increment in the Lorentz force between the transport and magnetization currents, what causes an additional source of hysteretic losses which cannot be accounted by classical changes in the size of the flux-front profile. Thus, we have obtained that for relatively large deformations of the pancake coil, up to a 19% increment in the AC losses can be achieved for moderate to low intensities of Ia, whilst for currents greater than 0.7 Ic0, a striking although low reduction on the AC losses can be achieved, whose main physical signature has been connected to the actual disappearance of the flux-free core inside the superconducting coil.en
dc.description.sponsorshipB. C. Robert thanks the Scholarship unit of the Niger Delta Development Commission, and has contributed to this paper with the development of computational models, analysis, plotting of results, and writing of the paper. M. U. Fareed acknowledge the College of Science and Engineering Scholarship Unit of the University of Leicester, and has contributed with computational tasks derived from this research. H. S. Ruiz has led the team and contributed with the analysis and writing of the paper. This work has been supported by the EPSRC Grant No. EP/S025707/1. All authors acknowledge the use of the High Performance Computing Cluster Facilities (ALICE) provided by the University of Leicester.en
dc.publisherIOP Publishingen
dc.rightsCopyright © IOP Publishing, 2019. After an embargo period this version of the paper will be an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License (, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.en
dc.titleFlux front dynamics and energy losses of magnetically anisotropic 2G-HTS pancake coils under prospective winding deformationsen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERINGen
pubs.organisational-group/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Engineeringen
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Engineering

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