Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: SpUpNIC (Spectrograph Upgrade: Newly Improved Cassegrain): a versatile and efficient low- to medium-resolution, long-slit spectrograph on the South African Astronomical Observatory's 1.9-m telescope
Authors: Crause, LA
Gilbank, D
van Gend, C
Worters, HL
Sass, C
Kotze, EJ
Potter, S
Sickafoose, A
Sefako, R
Southworth, J
Macri, L
Thorstensen, J
Galan, C
Skelton, P
Engelbrecht, C
Braker, I
Winkler, H
Pienkowski, D
Surgit, D
Erdem, A
Burleigh, M
First Published: 14-May-2019
Publisher: Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Citation: Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems, 2019, 5(2), 024007
Abstract: We report on the extensively upgraded Cassegrain spectrograph on the South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO) 1.9-m telescope. The introduction of new collimator and camera optics, a new detector and controller, a rear-of-slit viewing camera to facilitate acquisition, and a new instrument control and quick-look data-reduction software (to take advantage of the entire system now being governed by a programmable logic controller) has revolutionized this workhorse instrument on Africa’s second largest optical telescope. The improvement in throughput over the previous incarnation of the spectrograph is ∼50  %   in the red, increasing to a factor of four at the blue end. A selection of 10 surface-relief diffraction gratings is available to users, offering a variety of wavelength ranges and resolutions, with resolving powers between ∼500 and 6500. SpUpNIC (Spectrograph Upgrade: Newly Improved Cassegrain) has been scheduled for ∼80  %   of the time available on the 1.9-m since being installed on the telescope in late October 2015, providing the single-object spectroscopic capability to support the broad research interests of the SAAO’s local and international user community. We present an assortment of data obtained for various observing programs to demonstrate different aspects of the instrument’s enhanced performance following this comprehensive upgrade.
DOI Link: 10.1117/1.JATIS.5.2.024007
ISSN: 2329-4124
eISSN: 2329-4221
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2019, Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Deposited with reference to the publisher’s open access archiving policy. (
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
SpUpNIC_JATIS.pdfPublished (publisher PDF)8.13 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in LRA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.