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Title: Gas phase precursors to anthropogenic secondary organic aerosol: detailed observations of 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene photooxidation
Authors: Wyche, Kevin Paul
Monks, Paul S.
Ellis, Andrew M.
Cordell, R. L.
Parker, A. E.
Whyte, C.
Metzger, A.
Dommen, J.
Duplissy, J.
Prevot, A. S. H.
Baltensperger, U.
Rickard, Andrew R.
Wulfert, F.
First Published: Jan-2009
Publisher: Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union
Citation: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2009, 9 (2), pp. 635-665.
Abstract: A series of photooxidation experiments were conducted in an atmospheric simulation chamber in order to investigate the oxidation mechanism and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation potential of the model anthropogenic gas phase precursor, 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene. Alongside specific aerosol measurements, comprehensive gas phase measurements, primarily by Chemical Ionisation Reaction Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (CIR-TOF-MS), were carried out to provide detailed insight into the composition and behaviour of the organic components of the gas phase matrix during SOA formation. An array of gas phase organic compounds was measured during the oxidation process, including several previously unmeasured primary bicyclic compounds possessing various functional groups. Analysis of results obtained during this study implies that these peroxide bicyclic species along with a series of ring opening products and organic acids contribute to SOA growth. The effect of varying the VOC/NOx ratio on SOA formation was explored, as was the effect of acid seeding. It was found that low NOx conditions favour more rapid aerosol formation and a higher aerosol yield, a result that implies a role for organic peroxides in the nucleation process and SOA growth.
DOI Link: 10.5194/acp-9-635-2009
ISSN: 1680-7316
Type: Article
Rights: This paper was published as Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2009, 9 (2), pp. 635-665. It is available from © Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Chemistry

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