Members of the Department of Politics and International Relations are active in a wide range of political research areas. The Department has a lively and rapidly developing research culture, with members currently engaged in plans for research dissemination in continental Europe, the USA and Asia. All members of the Department are active in research and ensure as far as possible that all teaching is research-driven.
1. America and the World
The Department has a particular strength in the politics and history of American foreign policy. This speciality of the Department builds on its traditional strength in the history and practice of international diplomacy. Various members of the Department have published on issues relating to American diplomacy, notably on the Cold War era, the making of American foreign policy and on US policy towards Northern Ireland. Shared research interests include US-European security relations and prospects for the future of US-European relations. An international conference on 'Issues in American Foreign Policy' will be hosted by the Department in Leicester in March 2005, under the auspices of the Centre for Diplomatic and International Studies.
2. Democratic Institutions and Politics
Particular specialisms here include democratization in Central Europe, democratic representation in the European Union and the contemporary condition of the British Conservative Party. The Department also has a long history of expertise in South African politics. The path to democratization in Southern Africa is a current departmental research priority, as is the continuing peace process in Northern Ireland. A conference on the road to reconciliation in South Africa and in Northern Ireland is planned for September 2005. Departmental members also have interests in Italian politics and in British political party marketing.
3. Liberal Political Thought and Beyond
The Department is well known for its work on the politics and philosophy of animal rights, on theories of property in 17th century England, and on feminist political and international relations theory. Members of the Department are engaged in research on various themes associated with the political theory of globalization: particularly feminist and Marxist approaches to understanding globalization, theories of sovereignty, and radical responses to globalization.
4. Political Communication
Four members of the Department are also members of the University of Leicester Centre for Mass Communication Research (CMCR), an internationally important body for research in this area. Research on political communication in the Politics Department currently covers topics such as women and information and communication technologies; comparative political communication, especially relating to Britain and the USA; the media and public images of teachers; and the professionalization of political communication across Europe.
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In my PhD thesis I disentangle the rhetorical reactions of political parties to public opinion and protest. Previous research on political responsiveness of parties pre-eminently views the relation between public opinion polls and party agendas as the key feature of responsiveness (Miller and Stokes 1963; Soroka and Wlezien 2010; Stimson, Mackuen, and Erikson 1995; Burstein 1998; Adams et al. 2006; Ezrow 2010). Yet, taking to the street has become an ever more important toolbox to artic...
This article examines state crime in the area of the use of irregulars in counter-insurgency. Irregulars are defined as local units who receive rudimentary training and act alongside more regular forces. They are also defined as more regular formal local units who act informally (and often unlawfully) as part of their counter-insurgency role (e.g. death squads). The article examines the important role that such irregulars have played in counter-insurgency in Iraq and Afghanistan and highlight...
Moran, Jonathan P.
As military technologies progress at a pace that challenges human cognitive and reasoning capacities, it is becoming ever more difficult to appraise the ethics of their use. In this article, I argue that the contours of ethical killing are shaped and constrained by a medical discourse that has its basis in a deeper regime of techno-biopolitical expertise. Narratives and representations of drones as surgical, ethical and wise instruments for counter-terrorism activities rely not only on the re...
New technologies in communications and networking have shaped the way political movements can be mobilised and coordinated in important ways. Recent uprisings have shown dramatically how a people can communicate its cause effectively beyond borders, through online social networking channels and mobile phone technologies. Hannah Arendt, as an eminent scholar of power and politics in the modern era, offers a relevant lens with which to theoretically examine the implications and uses of online s...
Review of International Studies has seen a debate over the value of security. At its heart this is a debate over ethics: about the extent to which security is a ‘good’ and whether or not security politics produces the kind of world we want. More recent contributions focus on the extent to which security is ‘positive’ or ‘negative’. However, this paper argues that the existing debate is limited and confused: key authors use the terms ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ in different and at times contradi...
From Introduction: Many philosophers have convincingly argued that non-human animals are worthy of direct moral concern for their own sakes and, further, that they are also rights-bearers.1 Rights protect certain interests and place constraints upon what may be done to an individual in the name of producing social or personal goods.2 In the case of humans, these protections and constraints are described by an extensive set of particular rights: rights to bodily integrity, personal and...
This paper explores the international implications of liberal theories which extend justice to sentient animals. In particular, it asks whether they imply that coercive military intervention in a state by external agents to prevent, halt or minimise violations of basic animal rights (‘humane intervention’) can be justified. In so doing, it employs Simon Caney's theory of humanitarian intervention and applies it to non-human animals. It argues that while humane intervention can be justified in...
Cochrane, Alasdair; Cooke, Steve
This study addresses how European Union (EU) level and domestic level actors strive to harmonise migration statistics. Comparable migration statistics are essential for EU policy-makers and academics for informed policy formulation and policy evaluation. Yet the components of these statistics vary between the EU member states and hamper their comparison. While the statistical possibilities to enhance the comparability of migration statistics are well-covered in the literature, few studie...
In the 1980s, President Jacques Delors started a dialogue with religious communities in Brussels. His plan to hold a regular dialogue with religious groups, churches and communities of conviction was introduced in Declaration No. 11 of the Treaty of Amsterdam (1997). Later, it was further developed with the White Paper on European Governance (2001) and the Charter of Fundamental Rights (2001), where Article 10 lays down that 'churches and religious communities have a particular contribution t...
In this chapter, we study the development of the Polish party system since the 1989 Round Table talks, examining the impact that populism might have had on the party system, especially given that populist forces have been present in Poland since its transition to democracy and that populism has always permeated its party system. [Taken from introduction]
Guerra, Simona; Casal-Bertoa, F.
Italian politics has been rocked by a scandal in the country’s capital. Politicians stand accused of working within a pervasive and wide-reaching criminal network dubbed “Mafia Capitale” to skim money from public services and bribe officials. And it may have been going on for years. [Opening paragraph]
The key challenge humanitarian intervention is facing when protecting a universal human rights, is that it allows the intervener that defines its interest in terms of the ethical end, that is, universal human rights, to transcend the political – defined in terms of actors with different socio-political aims – that is, to depoliticise its actions. This act of depoliticisation in humanitarian intervention allows the intervener to ignore the role of power in politics – that is, to mutually ...
Karkour, Haro Libarid L.