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Title: Extended x-ray absorption fine structure studies of the atomic structure of nanoparticles in different metallic matrices
Authors: Baker, S. H.
Roy, Mervyn
Gurman, Steve J.
Binns, C.
First Published: 6-May-2009
Publisher: Institute of Physics
Citation: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 2009, 21, 183002.
Abstract: It has been appreciated for some time that the novel properties of particles in the size range 1–10 nm are potentially exploitable in a range of applications. In order to ultimately produce commercial devices containing nanosized particles, it is necessary to develop controllable means of incorporating them into macroscopic samples. One way of doing this is to embed the nanoparticles in a matrix of a different material, by co-deposition for example, to form a nanocomposite film. The atomic structure of the embedded particles can be strongly influenced by the matrix. Since some of the key properties of materials, including magnetism, strongly depend on atomic structure, the ability to determine atomic structure in embedded nanoparticles is very important. This review focuses on nanoparticles, in particular magnetic nanoparticles, embedded in different metal matrices. Extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) provides an excellent means of probing atomic structure in nanocomposite materials, and an overview of this technique is given. Its application in probing catalytic metal clusters is described briefly, before giving an account of the use of EXAFS in determining atomic structure in magnetic nanocomposite films. In particular, we focus on cluster-assembled films comprised of Fe and Co nanosized particles embedded in various metal matrices, and show how the crystal structure of the particles can be changed by appropriate choice of the matrix material. The work discussed here demonstrates that combining the results of structural and magnetic measurements, as well as theoretical calculations, can play a significant part in tailoring the properties of new magnetic cluster-assembled materials.
DOI Link: 10.1088/0953-8984/21/18/183002
ISSN: 0953-8984
eISSN: 1361-648X
Version: Post print
Status: Peer reviewed
Type: Article
Rights: Copyright © 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd. Deposited with reference to the publisher's archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website. This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. IOP Publishing Ltd. is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The definitive publisher authenticated version is available online at
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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