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|Title:||The cross-flow instability of the boundary layer on a rotating cone.|
|Authors:||Garrett, Stephen J.|
Stephen, S. O.
|Publisher:||Cambridge University Press|
|Citation:||Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2009, 622, pp. 209-232.|
|Abstract:||Experimental studies have shown that the boundary-layer flow over a rotating cone is susceptible to cross-flow and centrifugal instability modes of spiral nature, depending on the cone sharpness. For half-angles (ψ) ranging from propeller nose cones to rotating disks (ψ 40◦), the instability triggers co-rotating vortices, whereas for sharp spinning missiles (ψ <40◦), counter-rotating vortices are observed. In this paper we provide a mathematical description of the onset of co-rotating vortices for a family of cones rotating in quiescent fluid, with a view towards explaining the effect of ψ on the underlying transition of dominant instability. We investigate the stability of inviscid cross-flow modes (type I) as well as modes which arise from a viscous–Coriolis force balance (type II), using numerical and asymptotic methods. The influence of ψ on the number and orientation of the spiral vortices is examined, with comparisons drawn between our two distinct methods as well as with previous experimental studies. Our results indicate that increasing ψ has a stabilizing effect on both the type I and type II modes. Favourable agreement is obtained between the numerical and asymptotic methods presented here and existing experimental results for ψ >40◦. Below this half-angle we suggest that an alternative instability mechanism is at work, which is not amenable to investigation using the formulation presented here.|
|Rights:||This paper was published as journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2009, 622, pp. 209-232. © 2009 Cambridge University Press. It is available from http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=4292100. Doi: 10.1017/S0022112008005181|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Mathematics|
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