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Title: The electronically excited states of helium clusters: an unusual example for the presence of Rydberg states in condensed matter
Authors: von Haeften, Klaus
Laarmann, Tim
Wabnitz, Hubertus
Möller, Thomas
First Published: 5-Jan-2005
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Citation: Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 2005, 38 (2), pp. 373-386.
Abstract: The nature of the electronically excited states of He clusters and their relaxation mechanisms are investigated by spectroscopy using monochromatized synchrotron radiation. Time correlated fluorescence excitation and energy resolved luminescence spectra of the clusters are recorded in separate wavelength ranges. The size of the clusters and the isotopic constitution is also varied. The spectral features are analysed and discussed particularly with regard to the high lying states and their possible Rydberg nature. While Rydberg states seem not to exist in the interior region of large clusters there is experimental evidence that sharp lines in the spectrum are either due to He Rydberg atoms or excimer molecules in high vibrational states bound at the surface of large clusters or due to very small positively charged clusters with the Rydberg electron outside. The spectra of large 3He clusters exhibit a larger contribution of Rydberg lines than 4He clusters. He clusters also emit fluorescence at energies above the ionization energy of He atoms. This is attributed to the barrier for the injection of electrons into the conduction band which was found to be 1.35 eV for 4He and 0.95 eV for 3He clusters, respectively.
DOI Link: 10.1088/0953-4075/38/2/028
ISSN: 0953-4075
eISSN: 1361-6455
Type: Article
Rights: © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Description: Metadata only entry
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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